A team of Russian and American scientists at Harvard University has created and tested the world’s first 51 qubit quantum computer.
Speaking at the IV International Conference on Quantum Technologies in Moscow, held under the auspices of the Russian Quantum Center, Lukin said that the new machine has allowed his group to become leader of the pack in the ongoing race to create a full-fledged, fully functional quantum computer capable of replacing traditional silicon chip-based systems.
Quantum computers operate on quantum bits or ‘qubits’ – the unit of quantum information analogous to the classical bit. The computing power of a quantum computer grows exponentially as the number of qubits that can be manipulated is increased.
The believed leaders were Google’s John Martinis, whose team is working on a hybrid version of a universal quantum computer combining the elements of both the analog and digital approach to calculations.
This approach has allowed physicists to create a 51 qubit computer – the most powerful quantum computer in the world.
In the near future, Lukin and his team plan to continue experiments with their quantum computer.