This process has been advanced, in anticipation for future quantum computers, using something called Grover’s algorithm. Grover’s algorithm is a quantum algorithm that finds, with a high probability, the unique input to a black box function that produces a particular output value. The algorithm is theoretically suitable for next generation quantum computers. Quantum computers exploit the unique, non-classical properties of the quantum systems from which they are built. A quantum system which has a Grover search algorithm would see a reduced search time. Further improvements in the process will need to take place in tandem with the development of quantum computers.
Professor Ruben told the website Smart2Zero: “This method can be implemented in any quantum system with many non-equidistant energy levels, opening the way to a universal quantum search algorithm”.